Gifted Eligibility and Services
Gifted in KCSD
Pennsylvania Chapter 16 defines mentally gifted “as outstanding intellectual and creative ability the development of which requires specially designed programs or support services, or both, not ordinarily provided in the regular education program.” The term “mentally gifted” includes a person who has an I.Q. of 130 or higher or when multiple criteria as set forth in Chapter 16 and in Department Guidelines indicate gifted ability. Multiple criteria can include:
- A year or more above grade achievement level for the normal age group in one or more subjects as measured by Nationally normed and validated achievement tests able to accurately reflect gifted performance. Subject results shall yield academic instruction levels in all academic subject areas.
- An observed or measured rate of acquisition/retention of new academic content or skills that reflect gifted ability.
- Demonstrated achievement, performance or expertise in one or more academic areas as evidenced by excellence of products, portfolio or research, as well as criterion-referenced team judgment.
- Early and measured use of extraordinary thinking skills, academic creativity, leadership skills, intense academic interest areas, communications skills, foreign language aptitude or technology expertise.
- Documented, observed, validated or assessed evidence that intervening factors such as English as a second language, disabilities defined in 34 CFR 300.8 (relating to child with a disability), gender or race bias, or socio/cultural deprivation are masking gifted abilities.
In addition Chapter 16 outlines the following:
- Determination of gifted ability will not be based on IQ score alone
- Deficits in memory or processing speed, as indicated by testing, cannot be the sole basis upon which a student is determined to be ineligible for gifted special education.
- Admission to the gifted program can be made for a student with an IQ score lower than 130 when other educational criteria in the profile of the person strongly indicate gifted ability.
- Determination of mentally gifted must include an assessment by a certified school psychologist.
The Kennett Consolidated School District uses a system of data collection and universally administered assessments in accordance with PA Chapter 16 to identify students who may be in need of gifted services. These assessments include a group administered cognitive screening (Inview – Grade 4 and Primary Test of Cognitive skills – Grade- K) and curriculum-based assessments (i.e. Study Island assessments, PSSA, math assessment, AR STAR and DIBELS). The screening varies depending on the grade level in which the tests are administered to all students. Teachers may also refer a student for a gifted evaluation based on summative and formative assessment within the classroom at all grade levels.
School psychologists, gifted support teacher(s) and classroom teacher(s) are involved in this screening process. If students are demonstrating the propensity for giftedness based on screening data and teacher input, a referral is made for a full gifted evaluation. At that time, parents are notified, parental consent for an evaluation is obtained, and the 60 day evaluation timeline begins.
Gifted evaluations include individual assessments of cognitive abilities and academic achievement. If a student meets the criteria for giftedness and demonstrates a need for specially designed instruction as defined by Chapter 16, the multidisciplinary team may conclude that the student is in need of gifted support services. Those support services should be individualized to meet the needs of each student and could include:
- Services delivered in a pull out setting by a Gifted support teacher
- Services delivered in a push out setting in the general education classroom by a Gifted support teacher
- Services delivered in a push in setting in the general education classroom through collaboration between the Gifted support teacher and the general education teacher
- Other outside services such as independent study projects, job shadowing, etc.